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Auguste Rodin • Sculpture, 1903, 180×145 cm
About the artwork
Art form: Sculpture
Subject and objects: Portrait, Allegorical scene
Style of art: Impressionism
Materials: Bronze
Date of creation: 1903
Size: 180×145 cm
Artwork in selections: 29 selections

Description of the artwork «Thinker»

"The thinker" - the most famous and recognizable sculpture. In the world today in Museum and University gardens, Central city squares set of 25 sculptures, cast in Rodin's life or after his death the French government. Copies, repetitions and variations – a lot more.

One of American "Thinkers" once blown up. In 1970, March 24, at about midnight, at the base of the sculpture is unknown laid the dynamite was a heavy explosion, which damaged the bronze legs of the Thinker. The sculpture does not become neither to restore nor to be cast anew; it was left mangled. From the Museum's sculptures, she became a monument. Blasters wasn't crazy city, they were radical rebels and terrorists who are sure the explosion didn't hurt people, and only attracted attention. They chose to work for decades accumulating the energy of spectator views, the classical texts and criticism, information layers, the enthusiasm, the senses, rethinking. And pulled it in protest against the war in Vietnam and against American policy. "The thinker" could not be better for this purpose.

According to legend, "the Thinker" sculpture called casters, olivasia copy. Rodin himself called the sculpture "Poet" - she was crowned with a Grand composition The "gates of hell" and portrayed Dante, who is watching from above for the sufferings of sinners. Dante, who realizes that he will have to come down all the way to hell. Rodin's uncanonical Dante – exciting nor thinness, nor the usual chiton. The sculptor, so easily drew in the works of even his legendary contemporaries, and with the classic complete on its own. He needs the nudity.

Powerful, intense running athletic body and a calm, detached concentration, posture, facial expressions – this contrast increase is still a new emotional and philosophical meanings. Rodin himself thought that reveals the main secret of their own work: the figure makes a good impression, because in it every muscle, every joint, every part of the body in thought, toes, clenched fist, back and nostrils, not only the brain and not only a General expression. But viewers, critics, artists, writers and poets used to spend hours walking around "the Thinker", first installed in front of the Pantheon, then in the garden of the hotel Biron, then cast in enlarged copies and left for the world, and seeing new things. Not the thinker, is fruitless wandering in his own thought, and of a Creator, a worker, who already sees the embodied images.

German ophthalmologist Max Linde, an admirer of Rodin and a collector of his works, wrote to the sculptor: "You created it for the "gates of hell" as law, order, which rises above the human passions. It can be interpreted as something that the artist opposes the entire universe. Homo sapiens as opposed to nature and primitive life". Max Linde established a "Thinker" in the garden in front of the house – and a few years later around the sculpture will go another friend of the doctor, Edvard Munch. He wrote only a picture of the sculpture "The thinker" by Rodin in the garden of Dr. Linde in lübeck".

Critics in Copenhagen, first saw an independent sculpture, already separated from the overall composition of the "Gates of hell", he wrote with admiration, and saw it dive into the world of Michelangelo, but not the emulation of him (journal Kunstbladet). In Paris, almost by tradition, over the "Thinker" was made fun of, were not going to buy. But laughing, of course, not all of Roden became a legendary figure, known. And defenders of the sculptor announced the collection of money – arranged a public subscription to purchase the sculpture and its transfer to the French state. "The thinker" was cast in bronze, mounted in front of the Pantheon, was opened. And after 16 years was removed, the controversy did not abate the entire time.

When Rodin's wife rose died, he set over her grave a copy of "the Thinker", knowing that this sculpture will eventually become his tomb.

Author: Anna Sidelnikova