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Caspar David Friedrich
Caspar David
Germany 1774−1840
Biography and information
Caspar David Friedrich (5.09.1774, Greifswald — 7.05.1840, Dresden) – the famous painter, one of the most significant artists of the romantic period in Germany.

Contemporaries of the master felt in his works the presence of mysterious meaning. Later interpretations of creativity, sometimes contradicting each other, mostly unanimous: these paintings speak to the audience in the language of philosophy — about the divine, about existence, infinity, death, hope.

One of the provisions of the creative credo of the artist was to create the canvas should be based on what the wizard sees not just ourselves, but also within itself. For peaceful restraint of the artist's work is hidden the figure of the Creator's personality sharp, impulsive. He quickly succumbed as the attacks of unrestrained joy, and long periods of melancholy. Being a loner, a misanthrope, he became the first artist who has tried to complement the landscape genre is spiritual motives.

The duality of his nature is manifested in the relations of masters with other people. At times he was sociable, witty, extremely hilarious conversationalist. But there were situations when the company of the artist became unbearable for the others.

The novelty of the work of the artist, the brightest representative of the era of romanticism, Caspar David Friedrich is not just in the manner of writing. Fresh has been the main motive in the compositions of the author – the man in the completely strange to him, cold, this majestic world. It's a universal loneliness, which is associated with anthropomorphic images depicted do not in a straight line, in its statement, the master turns to allegory.

The characteristics of creativity

Back in the early works visible to the brooding, a rather mystical atmosphere of the works of the author. The audience, which often figures, detachedly contemplating the scenery, sees a mysterious nature, immersed in the silence, signs of life over reality. In the works of Caspar David Friedrich, these characters are as quite natural, stressed-important elements (the skyline, mountains, ships or cities away). History — both ancient pagan and later period of the middle Ages, — betrays a melancholic motifs (tomb of giants from the tales of ruined temples, monasteries), where the emphasis is more on the tragic ruptures, than the bonds of time. Flower power is quite expressive, moderate fog, dusk or pre-dawn haze.

Caspar David Friedrich was an excellent landscape painter, who worked in the romantic style. For him nature was the expression of significant mental disturbance, often finding its own symbols, of the conditional content.

The landscapes used as a way of displaying your innermost emotions, which is somewhat reminiscent of the work of his compatriot by Altdorfer who worked several centuries earlier. Over time, the painter all the more duplicates he cute motifs and images of nature are periodically replaced images of angels, visions of temples that soar in the sky. Other paintings by Caspar David Friedrich idyllically close-bytopisatelskie manner of the Biedermeier style.

One of the inherent master the techniques to put the audience into the atmosphere of the picture itself. Figure he's often portrayed is landscape, is entirely occupied by the observation, because the witness found there a kind of "point of entry" into the infinity of the world.

The most famous painting by Caspar David Friedrich

The paintings of Caspar David Friedrich's "the Wreck of hope" and "Stages of life" have become a real hallmark of the creativity of the author. In his "Stages of life" Caspar David Friedrich shows a blank of the Arctic coast, the figures of people of different ages, the same number of ships that approach the coast, but situated at various distances. So the artist was able to accurately represent the endless movement of time. The image of a sunset in itself awakens a feeling of melancholy nostalgia.

Another famous work of German artist Caspar David Friedrich known as "the Wreck of hope", it is impregnated with a clear sense of desperation, of absolute despair. The aesthetic spectacle of the celebration of the disaster turns into an allegory – the image of death.

Many works by the artist Caspar David Friedrich, in particular, simple landscapes, conceal a profound meaning, the key to understanding which lies in the words of the master or in the statements of his contemporaries.

Biography of the great painter

The future master was born in the family of soap making, even in his youth lost much of its Rodney dies first, the mother of the painter, then two sisters and a brother.

From 1790, the year the wizard gets the initial drawing lessons. In 1794-1798. he studying painting at the Royal Danish Academy of fine arts (Copenhagen). After he returned from Denmark, the artist traveled to different regions of Germany until, not yet settled in the town of Dresden. The wizard is quite closely communicated with the painter J. Dale from Norway, had a considerable influence on the formation as the author. In search of subjects repeatedly visited the island of rügen in the Baltic sea. Friedrich liked to ride on the Harz mountains, to explore the Saxon Switzerland; sometimes he visited his hometown of Greifswald. Until 1807, the worked only in the art of drawing (mostly – pin or Sepia), after also drawn to the work oil. In 1810 the master comes recognition.

In 1812 because of a difficult situation of Prussia at the front, the master is deprived of the support of the king.

In 1816, he is experiencing significant psychological crisis, to a certain extent associated with the end of hostilities, which could not be displayed. In 1818 the master surprised everyone, even his closest friends, unexpectedly taking married 19-year-old Caroline Bommer. This year's artist Caspar David Friedrich created 28 paintings, which gives grounds to call this year one of the most fruitful in the whole of his creative life.

In 1824-m Frederick became Professor at the Dresden Academy of fine arts. Known for his quotes, notes on arts, emphasizing that it is necessary to combine a commitment to nature with his intuitive feeling that the artist was considered as a divine gift.

In June 1835, the painter has a stroke, he was partially paralyzed. Treated all summer, in October he again started to work, limiting drawings in Sepia. However, his health was all the time getting worse.

The great master died in poverty on 7 may 1840. For some time forgotten, the works of Caspar David Friedrich again attracted attention only in the XX century (starting with the heyday of surrealism).
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