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United States 
Frederick Childe Hassam (eng. Frederick Childe Hassam; October 17, 1859, Dorchester, mA — August 27, 1935, long island, new York) is one of the brightest representatives of American impressionism.

Features of the artist Child Hassam: like the French Impressionists, devoted to a favorite topic, entire cycles of works are his series "Flags"and paintingson the Isle of shoals; master of the urban landscape.

Famous paintings Child Hassam: "Allies day, may 1917", "Sunset at sea", "Spring in Central Park".

A pioneer of American impressionism Childe Hassam became the most prolific (over 2,000 just paintings, made with oil) and a successful impressionist painter of the New world during his lifetime. Best Hassam known to the public picture "Avenue in the rain"from the "Flags"which was acquired in the permanent collection of the White house administration of President Kennedy. This picture was chosen by Barack Obama to decorate the oval officeupon accession to the presidency.

Frederick Childe Hassam was born in Dorchester, the largest area of Boston. Father Frederick was a successful merchant who owned a store Cutlery and the owner of a large collection of paintings and Antiques. His mother, Rosa, a native of Maine, was a relative of the classics of American literature Nathaniel Hawthorne. Under the influence of the environment Hassam showed an interest in art in early childhood. His first lessons in painting he received during his studies at the Mather school, but parents long did not pay attention to his nascent talent.

A disastrous fire in November of 1872 destroyed much of the commercial area of Boston that housed his father's business Gassama. Wanting to support his family, the young man dropped out of high school at the age of 17 years, and rejected the offer uncle Frederic (the same, in whose honor the future artist got his name) to pay the tuition at Harvard. Instead, the father gave him as a clerk in the accounting Department of publisher Little, Brown & Company. At the same time, Hassam began to study the art of printmaking and found work as a Carver on wood. 1879-m date back to the year the first experiments Gassama in oil painting, although for a long time been preferred, he still watercolor, working mainly outdoors.

At the beginning of 1880-x years Frederick Childe Hassam begins non-cooperation with the magazine Harper's Weekly, Scribner''s Monthly and The Century. He specializiruetsya on illustrating children's stories and in 1882 opened his own Studio. He also continues to perfect his technique by attending the Boston art club and art classes at the Lowell Institute (a division of the Massachusetts Institute of technology).

The debut solo show of watercolor paintings Gassama, took place in 1883, in the Boston gallery of Williams & Everett – where he was presented under his full name. In the future, the friend Gassama Celia Thaxter persuaded Frederick Childe discard the first part of the name. From this time the artist is signed exclusively Childe Hassam, under this name he went down in history. Then he began to add his signature before the Crescent. The meaning of this symbol is still mysterious. Perhaps this is due to the fact that distant ancestors Gassama were Arabs-Muslims.

Together with a friend (and a member of the Boston Art club), Edmund Garrett, the artist went on a study trip to Europe in the summer of 1883, where he painted watercolor landscapes with views of the countryside and studied the works of old masters and famous contemporaries. Especially Gassama impressed with the picture William Turner. 67 watercolors that Hassam created during the trip, was the basis of his second exhibition.

After a long courtship that lasted several years, in February 1884 Hassam married Kathleen Maude don (Kathleen Maude Doane). Throughout life together, she ran the household and organized trips, as Hassam lot of traveling, but about their personal life very little is known. Then the artist starts to paint urban landscapes, one of the first paintings in this genre is "Boston common at twilight".

A constant thirst for perfection makes Gassama to return with his wife to Paris, to raise the skill of oil painting. The money was enough, and in 1886 the couple were able to hire a respectable apartment and a Studio with a maid near place Pigalle, the center of Parisian artistic life. Hassam entered the Academy Julian, where he studied under the guidance of Gustave Boulangerand Jules Joseph Lefebvre. In 1889, the artist participated in the world exhibition, he exhibits four paintings and won a bronze medal.

Family Gassama returned to the U.S. in 1889, settling in new York. In a Studio apartment at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and 17th Street, he opened a Studio. Here was created one of the most expensive artist paintings "Fifth Avenue in winter".

Close friends Gassama was the other American Impressionists Julian Alden Weirand John Henry Twachtmanwith whom he had met in artistic communities. The fourth in their collaboration was the artist Theodore Robinsonknown primarily because it corresponded with Claude Monet, who lived at this time in Giverny. The artistic influence of the French Impressionists at all these artists hard to pereotsenit. Subsequently, this Quartet became the nucleus of the American impressionism.

Every summer Hassam worked in locations typical of the Impressionists – for example, on the largest of group of Islands Appledore of the state of new Hampshire. Many of the artists found their inspiration there. Social life on the island centered around the salon of poetess Celia Thaxter. Love Gassama to these Islands (and possibly to the Celia) was the reason to come here again and again for 30 years. When in 1894 a friend died suddenly, in her honor Hassam painted "Room of flowers"depicting the living room of Celia.

In 1887 occurred the secession of Impressionists from the society of American artists. Hassam took an active part and initiated the creation of the new Association, known as Ten ("Ten"). Their debut exhibition was held in the gallery Durand-Ruel(the year before the famous art dealer opened a branch of his gallery in new York). Here Hassam presented seven new works. However, critics defeated the new works of the artist, describing them as experimental and apparent. Because of the radicalism Hassan "Ten" constantly felt under pressure.

Hassam was astute in matters of the promotion of his work, making his pictures very soon turned out to be presented in museums in the US and abroad. Despite critics and conservative buyers (impressionism in America took root with difficulty), the dealers were still interested in his art, and Hassam never misery. For example, he did not have to teach for a piece of bread like many of his colleagues. Three decades later after the first exhibitions in France and the beginning of the new century, impressionism finally gained a legitimacy in the American art community, and work Gassama began to be acquired by major museums and receive awards. In 1906 Hassam was elected academician of the National Academy of design.

After a brief period of depression and alcoholism within the obvious crisis of middle of life, in forty-five years Hassam has made a commitment to lead a healthy lifestyle. He feels a spiritual and artistic rejuvenation, and in his work at this time is greatly reduced the number of characteristic Gassama especially city scenes. This showed that Hassam began to experience the fatigue life in the metropolis, which he had so enjoyed earlier.

The most distinctive and famous works of the late stages of life Gassama are thirty paintings known as "a Series of flags." The predecessor series, which began in 1916, is a picture of "July fourteenth, Rue Daunou". "Flags" Gassama cover all seasons, weather and light conditions, and the best picture from a series is considered "Allies Day, may 1917".

In 1919 Hassam bought a house in East HAMPTON, many of his later paintings depict the surrounding area of long island. The popularity of the artist grows: In 1920 he won the gold medal of honour for contribution to the arts from the Pennsylvania Academy of fine arts, the following years are also marked by numerous official awards. Hassam traveled relatively little in recent years, choosing to travel North America. He died at home in August 27, 1935, at the age of 75 years. The sales revenue is still unrealized Hassam the paintings bequeathed to the American Academy of arts and letters.

Author: Oleg Vybivaet


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