Edgar Degas, the full name Hilaire-Germain-Edgar de GA (FR. Edgar Degas, 19 July 1834, Paris — 27 September 1917) was a French impressionist painter, one of the founders of the movement, participated in 7 of the 8 impressionist exhibitions.
Features of the artist Edgar Degas: offset of the composition, the cut edge of the blade shapes, different objects, cut and covering the main characters, like accidentally captured, candid moments. Edgar Degas in all his favorite stories was looking for and wrote primarily movement: washable women jockeys before the start, it stretches, pochesyvaya and combing hairstyles ballerina busy with their lives and do not realize that they are being watched.
Famous paintings by Edgar Degas: "Blue dancers", "Dance class", "Bathroom", "Ironers", "The Opera orchestra", "Riders before the start".
Edgar Degas as if he was not interested in traditional artistic purpose — not to become famous today and to sell paintings or to go down in history and take a few of the walls in the greatest museums of the world.
He wrote his most famous and recognized paintings with pastels. And pastels — these are crayons that create very unreliable and short-lived layer on the surface of Board or canvas, and in its fixing the color fade much. And so many brilliant paintings in the truest sense of the words stored in the museums. And look at them only every few years on special exhibitions. And numerous sculptures of Degas sculpted out of wax is also not the most durable material. Them and found, after death, in the basement. In modern museums are bronze copies of his sculpted wax sketches — images of horses and dancers.
To care about celebrity and fame among his contemporaries Degas is also not sought. Some of his paintings now put the date of writing that points to twenty years of creation, for example. Friends joked that to get Degas to finish the painting only took it. He constantly redraw, supplemented their work with new parts, stole and bought are already sold and donated paintings, achieving even more precise movements, more natural poses, even more… perfection.
And when prices for works by Degas began to grow rapidly, he was sincerely upset. If its working now so dear, what fabulous price he will have to buy the masterpieces of Delacroix and Ingres! It was his real currency. Fortunately, Edgar Degas was one of those few artists who could not take care not to die of hunger on another sketch. He could concentrate on the Essentials.
If suddenly you are asked to name one of the bankers can sincerely praise, and you suddenly one I don’t remember, feel free to point Auguste de Ha. His father Edgar deserved it. He allowed his son to become an artist, he supported him in this decision, despite the fact that the son was the eldest and was supposed to inherit the family business.
Edgar Degas, as if in gratitude, in early works sincerely follows his father’s recommendations to focus on portrait painting in this particular genre, for reasons de GA elder, should bring the young artist fame and money.
In the early portraits of Degas’s still very little from complicated techniques and artistic techniques for which he is recognized all over the world. He received a classical art education: school of fine arts, apprenticeships have known at the time artist Louis Lamotte, the obsession of the old masters, which Edgar copy in the Louvre and in the Italian museums. But now, in the late 1850s, in his portraits conceived rebellious photographic fortuity of the composition, the detail, the unpredictability of movements, elements that go beyond painting.
In the 60-ies is one of the most important events in the life of Edgar Degas — a meeting with Edouard Manet. Because Degas is involved in 7 of the 8 impressionist exhibitions, he is often hampered in General "vpechatlenny" pot. In fact, he has much more different with peers than common. Well, for example, he hated plein air so that it was ready to disperse all the artists coming out "in a big way," wrote always in the room from all sides studied the dark and harsh, artificial light rail. In his paintings a little momentary and accidental, they are thought out to the smallest detail. As his whole life.
Degas was rarely left Paris, made only two of these travel to Italy and to New Orleans to stay with relatives. He spent 25 years in the same house on the Rue Victor-Mass and it is grieved when the authorities of Paris decided to demolish the house. Perhaps Degas intuitively hid his eyes from the sunlight, keeping them, in anticipation of the impending blindness. Clarified all out war.
In 1870, Degas volunteered for the Franco-Prussian war, eager to serve their homeland. But from an infantry regiment quickly transferred to artillery just because of the revealed diseases of the eye. The war did not justify the Patriotic expectations of the artist, but gave him a lot of friends and the confidence that he will someday cease to see. Exactly.
Ballet was his true passion. Degas for 20 years bought a ticket to the theater, and for 15 years Director of the Paris Opera allowed him to write behind the scenes and at rehearsals. Prior to this, the artist has invited dancers to his Studio, sometimes just watched them, not making a single sketch. At times, they probably thought he was crazy, as those of model, which he requested just to walk in the Studio and comb.
At the last impressionist exhibition in 1886, Degas presents a unique series of pastels with bathing, dry, comb women. By the time he became a recognized, expensive, sought-after artist-a perfectionist who was always unhappy with their "products". Stood on the ferry pastels and invent something no one knows how to draw, personally picked up the frame to his paintings quickly painted over the figure on the finished work when it was ready to buy for big money…
Dozens of times he overran the sculpture "Fourteen year old dancer": "If I had a hat full of diamonds, it wouldn’t bring me the joy that I felt when he broke it for fun to start all over again…" And that was the main thing.
Degas lived for 83 years, the last 10 years did not write, and could barely see. Every day he walked around Paris and each time came back to an empty space where once stood his house.
Author: Anna Sidelnikova