Francisco José de Goya (1746-1828) is one of the most important Spanish artists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, famous for his revolutionary paintings, drawings and engravings. Goya's life and work deeply influenced Salvador Dali in his early years, and many scholars consider him to be the basis for "modern" art, combining classicism and romanticism.
Tavromachy (1816) is a collection of engravings depicting the evolution and history of bullfighting on the Iberian Peninsula. Goya created this series between 1815 and 1816, at the age of 69 years. Unlike Los Caprichos, the bullfight was not politically sensitive, and the series was published for sale individually or in sets. It has not met critical or commercial success. The artist focuses on the brutal scenes that occur in bullring and the bold movements of bullfighters. Events are presented not as the spectator sees them in the stands, but more directly.