Working in Catalonia (in northeastern Spain) and in Paris, Joan Miro established himself as the leading artist of the surrealist movement by 1925. His paintings and “anti-paintings” were in the center of attention of American collectors A. E. Gallatin and Walter and Louise Arensberg. Their gifts form the basis of the museum's collection of fourteen major canvases of the artist.
Miro staged a revolt against traditional painting in various ways. Sometimes he cleaned a recognizable object and exhibited a raw canvas. In other cases, he painted in a wild and expressive way, using energetic brushstrokes and bright colors to convey shapes that cause both the world of dreams and natural worlds.