Michelangelo Caravaggio (1571–1610) was one of the most influential figures in the history of European art. Working in Italy between 1592 and 1610, he revolutionized painting and marked the beginning of 17th-century Baroque painting with his theatrical compositions and sandy realism observed from nature.
"Martha and Mary Magdalen"(ca. 1598), provided by the Detroit Institute of the Arts, is a masterpiece of Caravaggio's early career in Rome. The painting depicts Mary Magdalene, who was considered by the Catholic Church at that time to be a prostitute experiencing spiritual awakening, as her sister Martha counts on the fingers of the reason why should be addressed.Caravaggio conveys the moment of Mary's treatment - a complex topic - through his treatment with light, which throws divine light on the Reformed sinner.
Caravaggio’s innovative style is based on its reduced color schemes, dark backgrounds and dramatic lighting effects created by harsh light and dark contrasts. The artist creates a shallow, stage-like setting, pushing figures close to the viewer, as if the event was unfolding in our own space and time.