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Exhibition December 4, 2019 − March 3, 2020

"For service and courage." To the 250th anniversary of the Order of St. George

The State Hermitage Museum presents an exhibition"For service and courage." To the 250th anniversary of the Order of St. George.

The exhibition will feature more than 300 exhibits from the collection of the State Hermitage: order signs and St. George crosses, medals worn on St. George ribbons, insignia of the immaculate service, St. George weapons, banners, portraits of the gentlemen of the Order of St. George. The chronological framework of the exposition covers the period from the moment the order was established to the present.
On November 26, 1769, on St. George's Day in the Great Court Cathedral of the Winter Palace, Catherine II laid upon herself the signs of the first degree of the new order. According to the statute, they were awarded military men in headquarters and officer ranks for personal courage on the battlefield, and it was also an award for 25 years of service or 18 campaigns at sea. The order had four degrees, the signs of which differed in size, the presence of a star and the way of wearing. In 1807, the Insignia of the Military Order for soldiers and non-commissioned officers was established in the structure of the institute of the Order of St. George to award the lower army ranks. In the same year, Alexander I signed a decree according to which officers and generals awarded with the golden weapon “For Courage” were considered to be holders of the Order of St. George. In addition to the individual, there were collective awards for military units, especially distinguished in battles: banners, standards, flags, pipes, horns and buttonholes on the collars of the lower ranks.

Based on site materialsState Hermitage Museum.