Exhibition"French impressionism" in the National gallery of Scotland collected 19 paintings not only the brightest representatives of this direction, such as Claude Monet and Edgar Degas. Here are their contemporaries Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, Georges Seurat, Jules bastien-Lepage and John singer Sargent.
In April 1874 a group of young painters defied the official Salon in Paris and organized their own independent show. This exhibition, the work for which was provided by the Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas and Berthe Morisot, marked the birth of impressionism (the term was originally used in a devastating and scathing newspaper reviews of the event).
The Impressionists rejected the old-fashioned principles of the French Academy, with an emphasis on the mastery of drawing, "completeness" and "historicity." Instead, they wanted to catch a "fleeting" and the variability of nature, to go from the workshops to the open air. Plein air has become a fundamental principle of impressionism along with the need to find harmony with the modern world and the moments of urban life.
Despite early critical reviews, the impressionism was the beginning of modern movements, shaking the foundations of academic art.