The exposition includes more than 100 paintings from more than 37 Russian museums and 3 private collections. The exhibition has been in preparation for over a year and a half and is dedicated to the historical picture in Russian painting of the late 18th - early 20th centuries. This is an example of fruitful inter-museum cooperation, which brought together exhibits from 40 Russian museum and private collections from different regions of the country.
The exhibition is housed in the largest halls of the West Wing of the New Tretyakov Gallery and is structured according to the thematic principle. It includes six sections: “Ancient Russia. Legends and true history "," Muscovy. Ivan the Terrible "," Heroes of the Time of Troubles. First Romanovs "," Russian boyars of the 17th century. Customs and customs "," From Peter the Great to Catherine the Great "," Military history of Russia in the 18th - early 20th centuries. "
The exposition contains works by outstanding masters of Russian art of several eras: from the founders of the genre, the first pupils of the Imperial Academy of Arts, to its leading figures who were part of the famous Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions. Canvases I. E. Repin, V. I. Surikov, V. M. Vasnetsov, V. G. Perov, K. E. Makovsky, M. I. Nevreva, A. D. Litovchenko, K. V. Lebedeva, S. V. Ivanov, V.V. Vereshchagin and many other authors reflected the ideas of the distant and recent historical past of Russia characteristic of their time. The paintings included in the exhibition tell about the most important events in the history of the country - from the Baptism of Rus to the First World War.