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Georges
Braque
France 
1882−1963
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Georges Braque (French. Georges Braque 13 may 1882, in Argenteuil — August 31, 1963, Paris) — French painter, graphic artist, stage designer, sculptor and decorator.

From a family of artisans. He studied at the art school of Le Havre and the Academy of ember in Paris. Met Marie laurencin and Francis Picabia.

He started as a painter and decorator. Was close to Fauvism, influenced by Matisse and Derain exhibited at the Salon of independents in 1906 in 1907, after the discovery of the painting of cézanne and met Picasso, abruptly changed artistic style, in an effort to laconic pictorial means and the geometrization of objects. In 1909-1912, he worked with Picasso on the theoretical justification of cubism and became one of the founders of this movement. Participated in the First world war, in 1915 he was seriously wounded and was able to return to painting only in 1917, In the future, looking for greater enlightenment and harmony of the image, its known decoration. He created several series ("bathers," etc.), actively worked in the genre of still life. In 1934 he published the first monograph on the artist — book Carl Einstein.

Marriage is hard survived the Second world war, in 1945, long was ill. In 1949-1956 he created a series of eight large paintings "Workshops", which became the peak of his creativity. In the 1950s he performed a number of decorative works: engaged in Church stained glass Windows decorated the ceiling of the Etruscan room of the Louvre. Through motive late work of Marriage — flying bird.

Marriage has created many drawings, prints and sculptures, but the most important place in his work took painting. Marriage died in Paris on 31 August 1963.

Youth Georges Braque was born in Argenteuil, Val-d oops beyond (Argenteuil, Val-d'oise.). He grew up in Le Havre and trained to be a house painter and decorator like his father and grandfather. However, he also studied artistic painting during evenings at the école des Beaux-arts, in Le Havre, from about 1897 to 1899. In Paris, he apprenticed with a decorator and was awarded his certificate in 1902. The following year he attended the académie Humbert, also in Paris, and painted there until 1904. It was here that he met Marie Laurencin and Francis Picabia.

Fauvism

His earliest works were impressionistic, but after seeing the work exhibited by the fauves in 1905, Braque adopted a Fauvist style. The fauves were a group that included Henri Matisse and andré Derain in particular. They used bright colors and loose structures of forms to capture the most intense emotional reactions. Braque worked most closely with the artists Raoul Dufy and Othon, Friess. In may 1907, he successfully exhibited works in the Fauve style in the Salon of Independent. In the same year, the marriage of style began a slow evolution as he came under the strong influence of Paul cézanne, who died in 1906, and whose works were exhibited in Paris for the first time on a large scale. A retrospective exhibition of cézanne at the salon d'automne greatly affected the avant-garde artists in Paris, which led to the emergence of cubism.

cubism

Pictures of Marriage in 1908-1913 began to reflect his new interest in geometry and perspective. He is intensively studying the effects of light and perspective. In the film "House in Lestac" (House at L'estaque), Marriage reduces the architectural structure to a geometric form approximating a cube. But it made the shading so that it looked flat and three-dimensional. Thus, the Marriage drew attention to the very nature of visual illusion and artistic representation. Beginning in 1909, Braque began to work closely with Pablo Picasso who had been developing a similar approach to painting. At the time Pablo Picasso was influenced by Gauguin, cézanne, African tribal masks and Iberian sculpture, and the Marriage was mostly interested in developing cézanne's ideas of multiple perspective points of view.

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