Marcel Duchamp (fr Marcel Duchamp, July 28, 1887; Blainville-Crevaux, France - October 2, 1968, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France) - French-American artist, one of the brightest representatives of Dadaism and surrealism. Duchamp became the first Dadaist in the United States and for a long time lived in two countries. It was in the States that he created his first ready-made. He was an enthusiastic chess player and repeatedly completely stopped practicing art in order to devote himself to chess. Despite the fact that his work can be counted on the fingers, Duchamp is considered one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.
Features of the artist Marcel Duchamp: in the early years he was engaged in traditional painting, but in modern styles. Duchamp was primarily interested in Fauvism and Cubism. However, shortly after moving to the United States, he presented to the public a work that changed the course of the history of art - a porcelain urinal, signed in the name of a non-existent person. Red-maids of Duchamp (ready-made objects, moved by the artist’s will from the world of ordinary things to the world of artistic images) were most often subjected to minimal interference from his side, but mysteriously turned into works of art.
Famous works of Marcel Duchamp: "Fountain", "Nude, descending the stairs", "The Bride Stripped By Her Bachelors (Large Glass)", "LHOOQ".
The greatest love of Marcel Duchamp was not art. It was chess. He could throw creative work for many years, spending all his free time at the chessboard, and then suddenly appeared with another shocking piece. Having the public effect due, Duchamp with peace of mind again hid in the shadows. Mathematical mentality and amazing luck allowed the artist to make rare, but precisely calibrated moves to stay on the ear and at the same time to live in his pleasure. Duchamp earned very little through his own work, mostly living at the expense of generous patrons. He could spend a dozen years to create a single art object. He avoided contact with the press and did not chase cheap popularity. His whole life was like one big chess game, which he spent brilliantly and, of course, won.