Fra Filippo

Italia • 1406−1469

In early childhood lost parents and remained in the care of her aunt, which soon afterwards was taken care of mercy, by the brethren of the monastery del Carmine, where 15-year-old took the vows of monkhood.

Throwing in 1431 the monastic life, Lippi continued, however, to wear monastic clothes.

No doubt another episode in the life Lippi - kidnapping them in 1456 of the convent in Prato young nuns Lucretia Buti and marriage to her, as a result of which he suffered a lot of trouble and anxiety. Despite its loud acclaim, Lippi could not rest, and because of his chaotic life and extravagance was pursued by creditors.

Worked mainly in Florence, some time in Padua, Florence and finally in Spoleto, where he died.

Italian artist of the Renaissance. Filippo Lippi was born in Florence OK. 1406. In 1421 took monastic dignity and lived in the Carmelite convent in Florence until 1431. The first wizard - frescoes in the Church of San Antonio in Padua (1434) - has not survived. The earliest extant works Filippo Lippi is Madonna of Tarquinia, written in 1437 (Rome, Palazzo Barberini). A year later he still continued to work on which began in 1437 the Altar Barbadori for the Church of Santo Spirito, which is now in the Louvre. In 1442 Filippo became a priest in San Quirico near Florence. To 1447 he graduated from the composition of the Coronation of Mary (Florence, Uffizi gallery) for the choir of Canon Marigny in the Florentine Church of Sant'ambrogio. When he began work on the frescoes in the choir of the Cathedral in Florence (1452-1464), it Tondo Madonna (Florence, gallery, Pitti) has not yet been completed. In 1455 Filippo Lippi was convicted of forgery and left their place in San Chirico. Appointed in 1456 chaplain at a women's monastery in Florence, he fled with one of the nuns - Lucretia Buti, who bore him two children: the Philippine in 1457 and Alexander in 1465. Later, after receiving special permission of the Pope, Filippo and Lucretia was married.


Despite the scandalous behavior, Filippo enjoyed the patronage of the Medici family and received orders throughout his creative life. In 1457, he accomplished the altar icon of St. Michael, Giovanni Medici sent as a gift of the Neapolitan king. In 1466 he was assigned to decorate with frescos of the apse of the Cathedral of Spoleto, this work was finished after his death his assistant fra diamante.


Having tested in the initial period of his creative work is a strong influence of Masaccio, fra Filippo is a consistent adherent of the Renaissance naturalism. Improving your style, making it increasingly sophisticated, and he could create such a delicate images, as Salome (Prado) and the mother of God in Berlin Worship the infant Christ. Filippo Lippi died in Spoleto in 1469.


Philippine accompanied his father in Spoleto in 1467. When he returned to Florence in 1470, he became a disciple of Botticelli. His famous painting Vision of St. Bernard in Badia in Florence was established between 1481 and 1488. About 1484 Filippino Lippi finished frescoes by Masaccio in the Brancacci chapel of the Church of Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence; in 1486 wrote Madonna for the urban commune of Florence (Uffizi). With 1487 by 1502 worked on the decoration of the chapel Strozzi in the Florentine Church of Santa Maria Novella, and in 1488-1493 was decorated with frescoes from the chapel Caraffa in the Church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva in Rome. In 1496 the Philippine wrote the altar, the Adoration of the Magi to the Florentine monastery of San Donato and Scorpio (currently located in the Uffizi gallery). Philippine was gifted by the poetic nature, skillful master with a rich imagination. His best works are serene tranquility and perfect beauty of the images. The artist died in Florence in 1504.

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