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Leonidovich Kropivnitsky


(13.06.(25.07.).1893, Moscow – 19.01.1979, Moscow). He graduated from the Imperial Stroganov art College in 1911 with the title "scientist-artist". In 1912-1920, he lived in Moscow, studied at the University Shanyavsky at the faculty of history. In 1920-1923 he lived and worked in various cities of the North, the Urals and Siberia. Since 1923 he lived with his family near Moscow. In the 20 years he was close to the circle of artists "Jack of diamonds".

The poems he wrote in 1909, Before the revolution were published in periodicals.

In the late 30-ies in the poetry (and partly in painting) E. Kropiwnicki takes a turn towards the grotesque primitive, largely determined the Lianozovsky aesthetics first and foremost, "shanty poetry" I. Choline and G. Sapgir. In 50-ies of the house of Kropiwnicki in a village near Moscow Vinogradovo (close to Dolgoprudny, on may) became one of the centers of the nascent Moscow unofficial art. Later, this centre was moved to barrack-apartment-in-law E. Kropivnitsky, painter Oscar Rabin, in Lianozovo near Moscow then. Hence the name of the group, first used by functionaries of the KGB, who led in 1963 E. Kropiwnicki exception of Mosha.

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