Olga Vladimirovna Rozanova (July 3, 1886, Melenki - November 7, 1918, Moscow) - avant-garde artist, painter, graphic artist, illustrator, member of the famous "Last Futuristic Exhibition 0.10", member of the Union of Youth and Bubnovy Jack societies Olga Rozanova is called one of the largest representatives of the Russian avant-garde.
Features of the artist Olga Rozanova: Olga Rozanova's creative quest followed a winding path - from primitivism to futurism, then to suprematism and color painting. Inspired by the decorative folk art, Rozanov, according to the critic Abram Efros, "was born a futurist." Her color talent is unique; With her creativity, Olga Rozanova was several years ahead of the development of Russian abstract art, putting in focus the author's perception of the world.
Famous paintings by artist Olga Rozanova: "Forge", "Portrait of a lady in a pink dress", "Green Bar".
Olga Rozanova was born in the small county town of Melenki, Vladimir province. Vladimir Yakovlevich Rozanov was a district police officer, and his mother, Elizaveta Vasilyevna, was the daughter of a priest. In 1896, the Rozanov family — the father, mother, and four children — moved to Vladimir, where Olga entered the women's gymnasium. At the end of it, the girl went to Moscow - the decision to study painting was firm. In 1904, Rozanova entered the private art school of Anatoly Bolshakov, where she studied for three years. Later she attended classes at the Stroganov School, and also worked in the studioKonstantin Yuon and Nikolay Ulyanova. After Moscow there was St. Petersburg and the school of Zvantseva, where she studied atMstislav Dobuzhinsky and Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. In a letter to her sister, the artist wrote: “This workshop is better even than the present Parisian ones. There is no doubt that this school introduces the point of modern art. ”
Rozanova lived in Vladimir, driving to Moscow and St. Petersburg for the duration of the exhibition season. At the turn of the 1910s, she created the first significant series of works - still figurative, mostly landscape. Patrons helped her to acquire the necessary canvases and paints, including Levky Zheverzheev, chairman of the St. Petersburg Society of Artists "Union of Youth", which Rozanov entered in 1910. The artistVarvara Stepanova noted the great achievements of Rozanov in portraiture: “Portrait of a lady in a pink dress” - “... an extraordinary almost single portrait by its strength in all new Russian painting, where the deep psychology of the portrait and understanding of portrait painting pass through the color prism”
Participation in the exhibitions of the Union of Youth brought Rozanov’s success and fame; her works were bought and printed in magazines. Rozanova wrote the manifesto of the Union of Youth (1913), became a member of the board of this society. In the literary section enteredDavid Burliuk and Velimir Khlebnikov, Vladimir Mayakovsky, and Alexey Kruchenykh, with which Rozanov was associated with common creative projects and a personal novel. Rozanova designed the Twisted books, displaying an entire arsenal of skills - from collage to lithography; In total, 18 books were created in the collaboration of Rozanov-Kruchenykh. In 1915, her linocut album with the texts of Alexey Kruchenykh "War" was released.
“To specialize in one kind of art is very boring,” the artist considered, and under the influence of her life partner began writing verses in an objectless style. In 1917 she developed decorative sketches for which embroidered works were created. After the October Revolution, Olga Rozanova joined the Moscow collegium of the Department of Fine Arts of the People's Commissariat of Education; her attention was focused on the problems of combining folk crafts with training workshops. The artist did not leave her own research in color painting and non-objective art.
Her life was tragically cut short on the first anniversary of the October Revolution - Olga Rozanova died of diphtheria. The artist was buried in the Novodevichy cemetery. At the posthumous exhibition of works by Olga Rozanova, last winter of 1919 in Moscow, about 250 of her works were presented.