Biography and informationEdit
Niccolo del (di) Abbot or Abbati; ital. Abbate; (1512, Modena — 1571, Fontainebleau) was an Italian painter.
The son of a sculptor. His painting in Modena has developed under the influence of the artists of the Ferrarese school, Garofalo and Dosso Dossi. In 1547 he moved to Bologna, where he was influenced by Correggio and Parmigianino. In 1552 he moved to France, where he lived for the rest of your life. Wrote together with Primaticcio mostly al fresco; naibolee issued his painting "the Execution of the apostles Peter and Paul" (Dresden Gal.), written under the strong influence of Correggio.
ABBATE (ABATE) Niccolo del
Abbale (Abate), Nicolo dell' (C. 1509 or 1512, Modena - 1571 ?, Fontainebleau or Paris ?) Italian artist
The Abbot studied with the sculptor Antonio Begarelli, and then in the workshop of albert Fountain, who worked in Modena. In 1540 in Rocca di Skandia-but, near Modena, the artist performed songs on the theme of "the Aeneid" (the most ancient and perhaps the most significant in the XVI century loop on this subject) and genre scenes (scenes of Modena, the Pinacoteca Estense), which demonstrate the original interpretation of the art of Giorgione and Ferrara masters, and the secular frescoes of the castle of Trento. In 1546, together with the Fountain he adorns the Hall of the Conservatives in the Palazzo to the Public in Modena. In 1547 for the main altar of the Church. San Pietro in Modena, the artist creates the painting "the Martyrdom of St. Peter and St. Paul" (Dresden Art Gal.), in which synthesized various influences (Correggio, Pordenone and Dossi). Already famous Abbot moved to Bologna, where about 1550 decorate several rooms of the Palazzo tor-Panini (Zucchini of Salimei); in one of them he wrote episodes of "Roland," remarkable for its romantic appeal scenes and landscapes (now Bologna, NAT. Pinakothek). But the masterpiece of the abbé became "the Story of Camille" in the Palazzo Poggi (library of the University of Bologna) and especially the halls of "landscapes" and "concerts". Influenced by Parmigianino (which so close was the way the Abbot that some works, for example, "conversion of Saul" from the Vienna Museum of art history, was attributed to just one person, then another artist - today it is regarded rather as the work of Parmigianino) and Salviati, abbate develops a Mannerist style, without abandoning their own koloris-
ticheskogo gift, his fantastic imagination and his brilliant and expressive techniques. The same period are dated, and some portraits ("portrait", Rome, Gal. Borghese, "a Young man with parrot", Vienna Museum of art history) and landscape (Rome, Gal. Borghese Gal. Of recession). Thus, already well-known and talented artist in 1552 the Abbot arrives in France, invited by Henry II at Fontainebleau. In 1553 he makes sketches enamels for Saint-Chapelle, executed by L. Limosina (sketches - Paris, School of fine arts; enamel - Paris, Louvre). Then, under the direction of Primaticcio and on the drawings, he paints the Ballroom at Fontainebleau. During the twenty years of cooperation, and the Abbot Primaticcio, which are masterpieces of the Gallery of Ulysses at Fontainebleau and of the chapel of Guise in Paris (both survived), Primaticcio entrusted him with the implementation of their projects, believing in his amazing talent fascista. But Abbot has worked independently; he adorned the chapel of Florian-Biert hotel Montmorency in Paris (not preserved) and locks Montmorency in Equine and Chantilly, chapel Beauregard near Blois, the hotel guise, hotel Toulouse, hotel Fort etc. in Paris (1567). With 1556 his name is often mentioned in the accounts. There are still some examples of his easel paintings of the French period "Eurydice Aristeas" (London, NAT. Gal.), "The abduction of Proserpina" (Paris, Louvre) and composition, inspired by Primaticcio: "Cupid and Psyche" (Detroit Institute of arts); "Generosity of Scipio" (Paris, Louvre). An outstanding draftsman, he, like Primaticcio, made sketches of the holidays and engravings ("the Concert", engraving by C. Delon), as well as the cartoons for tapestries ("the Story of Artemis", Paris, Louvre; London, British Museum). The last time his name is mentioned on the occasion of the solemn entry of Charles IX into Paris in 1571 (he created the arch and the decoration of the Hotel de Ville). The original master Emilian mannerism,
he has made a significant contribution in the field of monumental painting (especially their "concerts" and "landscapes"), Niccolo del abbate in France played an important and highly individual role in the development of the first and second school of Fontainebleau, which is confirmed by copies and imitations of his works. His influence on Antoine Caron of course. His workshop, his sons, and especially of Giulio Camillo (mentioned in France in 1561-1577), who was succeeded by his orders, soon spread his manner, naturalism and scenic sensitivity of which is adjusted academic Primaticcio.