Gavriilovich Sudkovsky

Russia • 1850−1885

Biography and information

Painter-landscape painter, studied first in Ochakov religious school, and then in the Odessa Seminary. But he was drawn in an entirely different area. The constant view of the sea with its enchanting effects, impressed the imagination of the future artist, and he's still in this time have tried to reproduce them with pencil and brush, with the use of which met in the drawing school of the Odessa society of art lovers.

In 1868 sudkovskiy I was enrolled in the Imperial Academy of Arts. Here he remained three years and in 1870 received two silver medals, small and large incentive, and then went home. Diligent Scripture sketches on the shores of the Black sea, and also trip in 1874 in foreign lands quickly pushed forward Sudkovsky, developed his powers of observation and improved technique.


In 1877, presented to the Academy his work, he received the title of class artist of 2nd degree, and two years after was promoted to great artists of the 1st degree. Finally, in 1882, the Academy awarded him the title of academician. Despite the brevity of his life, Sudkovsky managed to occupy a very prominent place among the Russian painters.


Marine species for which motives brought him mainly coast Ochakov and Odessa suggests that he's studied the movable element in all respects, they are remarkable fidelity transmit it rest and motion, transparency and vastness, friendly game in her solar or lunar rays in calm weather, its severity, and terrible Majesty in storms.


Particularly successful works of Sudkovsky can be considered: "Ochakovskaya pier" (located in the Museum of Alexander III in St. Petersburg), "Calm" (ibid.), "Stormy sea," "Lull"(in the Tretyakov gallery in Moscow), "Storm near Ochakov" (1884), "Noon on the Ochakov coast" (1883), "Night storm", "Kinburn spit after the rain", "Fishing for herring" (1882) and "Dnipro estuary". Album phototype pictures with a select few of his paintings published by F. Bulgakov (St. Petersburg, 1897)

SUDKOVSKY Rufin Gavrilovic

7 April 1850 (Ochakov Kherson province) — February 4, 1885 (Ochakov Kherson province)

Painter, graphic artist

Born in the family of a priest. He received his primary education in the Odessa religious school (1862) in 1865 he studied at the Kherson theological Seminary, located in Odessa. At the same time attended evening classes in Odessa drawing school, where he became acquainted with I. K. Aivazovsky. In 1868, for the purpose of admission to the Academy interrupted training at the Seminary, after four General education class. In 1868-1873 studied at the Imperial Academy of arts. In 1870 for landscape sketches was awarded small and big silver medals. In 1873 he received the title of class artist for the painting "the Storm near Ochakov" without taking a mandatory science exam "in the sign special exception as an example to others". In 1872-1873 was not able for health reasons to attend classes at the Academy, was listed as a volunteer.

From 1873 he lived permanently in Ochakovo. Worked as a landscape painter, marine painter. In 1874-1876 he traveled to Germany and France. In 1877 the painting "Night on the Bank of the Dnipro estuary", "the Tempest" and "Autumn" was awarded the title of class artist of 2 nd degree, in 1879 — the title of class artist 1-th degree. In 1880 he travelled through Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy. In 1880 was in Finland, in the Caucasus and the Dniester, the Balkans, Asia Minor. Carried out orders of the Naval Ministry. In Ochakovo for the Naval Cathedral wrote of icons, "Walking on water" and "Christmas". In 1882, for the painting "the Storm near the coast of Ochakovo" was awarded the title of academician.

Participated in academic exhibitions (1867-1885, with breaks). He exposed his works at all-Russian artistic and industrial exhibition in Moscow (1882) and the world exhibition in Antwerp (1885). His personal exhibitions were held in Odessa (1876, 1880, 1884), St. Petersburg (1882,1883, 1884, together with Yu Yu Clover), Kiev (1884-1885), Mykolaiv (1885). Member of the Society of exhibitions of works of art (1874-1884), the society for the encouragement of arts (1880), the Odessa society for the encouragement of fine arts (from 1885).

In 1885-1886 in Odessa, Ochakov, Petersburg held a memorial exhibition of Sudkovsky. Retrospective exhibitions of the artist took place in Nikolaev (1965, 1975), Ochakovo (1985).

Sadkowski — prominent representative of Russian landscape painting of the second half of the XIX century, the representative of academic art. Despite the relatively short period of active work, the master's artistic heritage is quite extensive. In his work was influenced by Aivazovsky. Works Sudkovsky inherent meticulous attention to detail, interest in lighting effects, the skill vital to portray the sea in all respects, to convey "her stillness and motion, transparency and vastness, friendly game in her solar or lunar rays in calm weather, its severity, and terrible Majesty in the storm".

Sudkovsky works are in many Museum collections, including the State Tretyakov gallery, State Russian Museum, Central naval Museum in St. Petersburg, Kiev Museum of Russian art, Odessa art Museum and others.

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  • Styles of art
    Realism, Romanticism
  • Techniques
  • Art forms
  • Subjects
    Landscape, Marina
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