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Vasilyevich Malyutin

Russia • 1859−1937

Soviet painter and graphic artist. The son of a merchant. He studied at the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture (1883-1886) by I. M. Pryanishnikov and Vladimir Makovsky; taught there (1903-1917) and at VKhUTEMAS (1918-1923). A member of the Union of Russian artists (since 1903), the Wanderers (1915), one of the organizers LHR. Genre songs of the 1890-ies, dedicated to the life of the peasants and the urban poor, was close to the Wanderers social significance and visual convincing images. As a portraitist M. evolved from a free, dynamic painting "self-Portraits (1901, Tretyakov gallery) to strict graphic manner 10-20 years.

Born in Moscow on 22 September (4 October) 1859 in the family of the manufacturer. Studied at the School of painting, sculpture and architecture (1883-1886), where among his mentors were I. M. Pryanishnikov and Vladimir Makovsky. Lived mainly in Moscow. He was a member of the "Itinerants society" (1913), and "Union of Russian artists".


For his painting of the late 19th and early 20th centuries characterized by "travelling art" everyday life (Girlfriend, 1893), sometimes socio-critical (stage, 1890; both — in Tretyakov gallery). Features of modernity stood out sharply in his expressive portraits (self-Portrait, 1901; M. V. Nesterov, 1913; K. F. Yuon, 1914; both these pastel; all in Tretyakov gallery). Even more striking innovator, he spoke in his decorative works. Illustrated the Tale of Tsar Saltan and Ruslan and Lyudmila by A. Pushkin (1898), designed the productions of the Moscow private Russian Opera of S. Mamontov (Ilya Muromets, V. S. Serova, 1899; Kaschey the Immortal N..Rimsky-Korsakov, 1902), in 1901-1903 he worked in the estate of Princess M. Tenisheva "Talashkino" in Smolensk, with the design of furniture and utensils for workshops organized by artistic carving. According to his sketches were built and decorated "tower", the theatre and the Church of the Saviour-tomb in Talashkino (1901-1903), the Museum "Russian antiquity" in Smolensk (1904-1905), the house Pertsov in Moscow (1910, together with the architect N. To.Zhukov). "Russian style", which contains all these works — decorative and architectural, of — colorful-bright, plastic, closely connected with the ornamentation of peasant folklore.

After the October revolution Malyutin, highly critical attitude to the "left" avant-garde, joined the young artists-traditionalists, becoming one of the organizers AHRR (1922). In later years, demonstrated an outstanding painting (portrait of D. A. Furmanov, 1922; Lunch artel, 1934; both — in Tretyakov gallery), but his remarkable talents as a designer were not used. For many years (1903-1923) he worked as a teacher at the school, from which he graduated himself, and in VKhUTEMAS (Higher artistic and technical workshops).

Malyutin died in Moscow on 6 December 1937.

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