Born into a noble family, her father was from Russian Germans, her mother was a Circassian. After graduating from high school, she worked as an employee. For the first time she began to draw at the age of 17 using tempera. Her compositions, preserving the features of children's drawings, usually represent various scenes in the interior. Olshanetskaya did not participate in exhibitions, for the first time her drawings were exhibited in 1980.