Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix (Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix, December 2, 1891, Gera, Germany - July 25, 1969, Singen, Germany) - German avant-garde artist and graphic artist, the most brutal satirist of the era between the two world wars. After the expressionist and Dadaist experiments, he participated in the “New materiality” association.
Features of the artist Otto Dix: Oddly enough, contemporaries valued Dix primarily as a portrait painter. The grotesque images of lawyers, doctors, journalists, poets and artists that Dix created in the 1920s were ordered to him by the models themselves. This is hard to believe, because Dix was truly merciless. But it is easy to believe in it, because he was fantastically insightful and accurate. Another huge part of his work is plots about death and human states, similar to death, moral and physical. Shameless prostitutes, voluptuous sailors, poor beggars of war, illness, sophisticated murderers and sadists, bloody mess of military fields - often these are pictures on the verge of kitsch, on the verge of decent and acceptable: they shock, turn inside out, instill fear and desire to quickly run. No triumph of the spirit and noble struggle - only people physically and morally crippled, who became the symbols of their time, the eerie allegory of post-war Germany.
Famous works of Otto Dix: "War", "Seven Deadly Sins", “Portrait of journalist Sylvia von Harden”, Metropolis, "Self-portrait with a palette", "Portrait of a lawyer, Dr. Fritz Glazer".
Otto Dix called himself a realist. In the era of avant-garde artistic searches and the birth of abstract art, all that interested him was an obsessive, unbiased fixation of the surrounding reality, people and landscapes. And if the artist saw around only the earth, twisted by explosions and dug by trenches, and dilapidated people, collecting themselves in parts, from flesh and garbage, he had to write just that. Dicks went all the way World War I from beginning to end, but friends often accused him of being apolitical. Dix created the most cynical and deprived of heroic pathos artistic statements about the war and post-war decline, but just the lack of heroism and solemn pathos made him the main pacifist artist in Germany.