Henri Matisse, Florentine (1938). Private collection
Nuances of linocut. This smooth material has no directional grain, so you are free to carve in any direction you like, and can use woodcut or engraving tools. While the surface’s soft quality can make carving much easier, it often hinders the ability to create fine lines.
Coloured linocut prints can be made by cutting out separate matrices for each intended colour, just like in woodcut. Pablo Picasso demonstrated another way to use one piece of linoleum: having applied another colour to the paper, the artist cleaned the plate and cut off the already used fragments, only leaving those that still need to be painted.
Maurits Cornelis Escher, Ivan Pavlov, Boris Kustodiev, Vladimir Favorsky, Alexander Deineka, Jacques Hnizdovsky, Georg Baselitz and many others used linocut in their work. Today linocut is popular with street artists.