An art reform by a criminal
The main features of caravaggism are maximum
The pictures are painted on a dark background, the silhouettes of people are light. Gloomy colours prevail: brown, black, purple, sometimes dark green — it seems that the action of the picture takes place in a poorly lit room. There are no airy creamy bright colours in the paintings — this is the main difference from other trends of the
Tragedy is often present on the canvases - in poses, facial expressions, and subjectsTenebrism is a separate branch of caravaggism. Tenebrists developed the caravaggist principles to the most extreme manifestations: their dark colours clearly prevail over light ones, there are many bright light contrasts that emphasize the depicted drama. The ideal work of a tenebrist should look like this: a white skull on dark fabric looking as realistic as possible.
Caravaggists did not hesitate to display different qualities of a person, not only noble ones. They basically loved everything strange and wrong. For example, José de Ribera, who lived in Naples, Spain, is known for his petty artistic provocations in line with contemporary art. His Magdalena Ventura with Her Husband and Son depicts two men, one of whom is breastfeeding a baby. The breast is female, but it is surrounded by the layer of male body hair. The artist captured a miracle of nature — a bearded lady.
Caravaggist artists:Orazio Gentileschi, Georges de La Tour, Mario Nuzzi De Fiori, Dirck van Baburen, José de Ribera. Paul Rubens, Diego Velázquez, and Rembrandt also went through their stage of caravaggism.
Significant caravaggist paintings— José de Ribera. Magdalena Ventura with Her Husband and Son, 1631
— Dirck van Baburen. The Entombment, 1617
— Georges de La Tour. The Card Sharp with the Ace of Diamonds. 1620—1640, Louvre.
You are an expert if:You do not classify Rembrandt’s paintings as caravaggism, and also doubt that the work of Caravaggio himself can be attributed to the art movement. In the early stages of his career, Rembrandt did adopt the techniques of the famous Italian master, but soon developed his signature style.
Caravaggio is usually called the founder of realism, caravaggists are those who adopted his creative methods, but not the general style. This is a small number of artists and a short period in the history of the art development that was much shorter than