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Eugene Delacroix
France 1798−1863
Biography and information
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (FR. Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix 26 April 1798, Paris — 13 August 1863, Paris) was a French painter, took to art history place the most brilliant representative and founder of the romantic movement in painting.

Features of the artist eugène Delacroix: the artist, whose name is closely connected with the half-naked figure of Liberty on the barricades, staged one of the most significant revolutions in the history of painting. Delacroix was simply destroying genre canons adopted in classicism, and began to write scenes from modern life and exotic literary themes as in the Salon wrote of Napoleon and the ancient heroes. Opposing accurate classic pattern rich, sensuous palette of Delacroix, the first sends to the Salon paintings separate, visible brush strokes. The manner of writing, painting and color involved in the creation of the mood of the paintings, along with the plot and gestures of the characters.

Famous paintings by eugène Delacroix: "Liberty leading the people", "Death Of Sardanapalus", "Dante and Virgil in hell", "Algerian women", "The massacre at Chios".

In the Studio hot as a Moroccan harem, the Windows tightly shut, but he asked the housekeeper Jenny to sink even more. The neck is tightly wrapped in a scarf. Since he caught a cold during the time of studentship, a sore throat constantly. Sometimes less, sometimes unbearably. And then Eugene takes the therapy seriously: do not breathe cold air and not to talk. It closes in the hot workshop and stays alone with her strongest passion with work. On the same street, across the street at the house opposite his Studio to the window, stopped the two young men. They catch every gesture of Delacroix, they hold their breath and freeze when they are able to consider the movement of the meter. Soon they both dream to conquer Paris and to medal at the Salon, they rented this room specifically to at least sometimes to see how the brightest and most revolutionary artist of a bygone era. One boy name is Claude Monetsecond Auguste Renoir.

Eugene Delacroix throughout his life, history of their victories and failures, gave hope to young, daring artists. Looking at him, each of them believed that in painting, you can find true freedom. He received the gold medal of the Salon for the first picture presented to the audience, and for the third a few years in the doghouse. 9 times he applied to take a place among the academics who preside over the destinies of French art. He received the ribbon of the Legion of honor in 33 years and was elected to the city Council of Paris 53. And now in the Louvre there is a whole room devoted to only one artist — Delacroix hall. The artist has experienced 7 political regimes that each other threw France from one extreme to the other. But with all the kings and republics, the government immediately bought him a new picture.


Eugene was a native of the French elite, which has risen under Napoleon. His father Charles Delacroix was foreign Minister during the Directory, and later, when as a Minister he was replaced by Talleyrand, served as Ambassador to the Batavian Republic and the prefect of Marseilles.

Talleyrand was a frequent guest in the house of Delacroix and some secret signs and testimonies of the biographers have found that the real father of Eugene, the fourth, the youngest child in the family, was he, Talleyrand. A trickster, a manipulator, excommunicated former Bishop and Minister, successfully survived on this post three regime changes. But eugène himself in any diary or letter, any of his actions never gave this relationship. The man, whom Delacroix had always called father was incorruptible, honest, intelligent, sincere, eloquent, and died very early. Eugène was only 7 years old.

Eugene grew nervous and emotional child. According to his memories of childhood into the future artist mainly two things: survive in an endless accidents and snobbish, soulful reported adults of different importance in life of the truth. In the Imperial Lyceum, where Delacroix entered the full Board in the morning listening to the news about the victories of Napoleon, wrote lengthy essays on Latin and Greek, taught math and drawing, and above all other benefits valued friendship and glory.


If the father Delacroix lived until 1814, it would expect a lifelong banishment from France, along with all who voted for the execution of the king. And without it, the family just impoverished and lost the remnants of its former respect and attention. Delacroix’s mother lived only a few months at a restored monarchy and died when Eugene was 15.

Delacroix began to live in the family of his eldest sister, and acquired some important skills to plan their meager finances, and write and lithographical cartoons for the capital weekly, to keep dandy in the old pantaloons, and at night quietly sneak into the bedroom for the housekeeper. In Paris he began to study painting in the workshop of Guerin, and at the same time to look after the nephew, who was studying nearby. In the endless trips from the country house of the sisters in his Paris apartment, he often was very cold, the sore throat became chronic.

The desperate poverty of the time the apprenticeship ended for Eugene the first painting presented at the Salon of 1822. Despite the colorful the attacks of some critics — "daubed drunken broom", "rags Rubens",— Delacroix and the first receives rave reviews and the first 2 thousand francs. It was more than his annual rent.

The July revolution

The revolution of 1830 the young poets took it as a chance to upgrade and leap from the pool of tradition which linked the deeper art, and the whole of France. Charles X made mistake after mistake, but the limitation of this cherished French freedom of expression and the elimination of the house of representatives threw the country very much to the good old monarchy. The revolution lasted three days and distributed to each according to merit. Disgraced under Charles-Eugène Delacroix — inspired. He writes of the legendary now "Liberty leading the people"and begins to dream of Africa.

"Your magazines, your cholera, your politics — all of this is, unfortunately, a few moderates, the impatience with which I await the return. If you knew how nice it is to live under the guise of tyranny!" — he wrote it in France, already ending their sweet, colorful, sultry journey to Morocco and Algeria. All these financial news, all these sarcastic journalists, debunks heroes and geniuses, all these political adventures and the controversy seemed to him petty and oppressive. In the next ten years for each exhibition in the Salon he will submit at least one Moroccan work, memories will fade, the faces of the Algerian beauties to be forgotten, but will remain captivating, clean, saturated palette, once and for all found color and light.

He will return from the East and will go to his the long and passionate virtual journey — 20 years without a break and a rest, he will be alone on the scaffolding under the ceiling of the huge halls of the Royal palaces, libraries, public houses to cover them with frescoes. Meticulous critics felt that in the nineteenth century, no artist has painted more walls than Delacroix. He goes down, of course. More than to write and get into the forest he only likes conversations. If art historians could be considered friends, they would have said that Delacroix had more than anyone in the nineteenth century. He could Musset wander all night from house to house, not wanting to interrupt the interesting conversation, he Chopin spent countless hours discussing fine music and fine painting. George sand, Baudelaire, Thiers, Stendhal… Easier to count the painted wall.

The second Republic and Napoleon III

When Paris again drown in blood, to say goodbye to the kings, Eugene Delacroix liberty will look very different: "Freedom, bought with the price of fierce battles, is not real freedom, which is to peacefully wander where they like, to think, to dine in once and for all a certain time and in a variety of things…"

During this revolution, Delacroix, the artist, recognized by all French governments, from Paris leave. He’s got a little house in Camrose where he is, growing grapes, he found true freedom. And he knew what he was doing. Critics felt that none of the French artist of all time died from social upheaval so much as the eugène Delacroix.

Author: Anna Sidelnikova
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Coming close to the cages of wild predators to watch them, but being afraid of small children. Spending day and night having absorbing conversations with friends, and then upbraiding himself for the time wasted. Stoically withstanding his enemies' wrath and yet being unable to resist the heat of passion.  Delacroix was compared to a volcanic crater artistically concealed beneath bouquets of flowers…
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A record half a million people visited the  Eugène Delacroix retrospective at the Louvre , which closed in July of 2018 before its reopening at the Metropolitan Museum of Art this fall. In Paris, 180 works gave a full view of the French painter’s ouevre, while slightly fewer works will be shown in New York. Some 540,000 visitors made this the most-visited show in Louvre history.
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Artworks by the artist
total 752 artworks
Eugene Delacroix. Algerian women
Algerian women
1834, 180×229 cm
Eugene Delacroix. The massacre at Chios
The massacre at Chios
1824, 417×354 cm
Eugene Delacroix. Liberty leading the people
Liberty leading the people
1830, 260×325 cm
Eugene Delacroix. Death Of Sardanapalus
Death Of Sardanapalus
1827, 392×496 cm
Eugene Delacroix. After the Shipwreck
After the Shipwreck
1847, 36×57 cm
Eugene Delacroix. A portrait of the Sultan of Morocco, Muley Abd-El-Rahman
A portrait of the Sultan of Morocco, Muley Abd-El-Rahman
1862, 69.5×57.5 cm
Eugene Delacroix. The Church of St. Sulpice, the Chapel of St. Angela: Jacob Wrestling with the angel
The Church of St. Sulpice, the Chapel of St. Angela: Jacob Wrestling with the angel
1861, 714×485 cm
Eugene Delacroix. Hunting lions
Hunting lions
1861, 69.5×102.5 cm
Eugene Delacroix. Death Larasa
Death Larasa
1858, 62×50 cm
View 752 artworks by the artist