Grigorievich Chernetsov

Russia • 1802−1865

Biography and information

painter-a landscape painter and perspectivist. He studied at the Academy of fine arts (1819-27) of M. Vorobyov and A. Warnecke. From 1829 a court painter. Traveling to Russia, Italy, Palestine, Turkey and Egypt, Chernetsov wrote numerous sketches, sketches, paintings and the panorama of the Volga (now lost) more than 700 m long.

Academician of landscape painting, known artist, the son of a tradesman, was born in Luhe, Kostroma province in 1801, died June 8, 1865, at Petersburg. Already in childhood he showed great aptitude for drawing; at the beginning of 1819 Chernetsov went to the Academy of Arts with a letter if any attached were two small pattern prints, with the request to accept him among the students of the Academy at public expense, as the lack of funds, father did not allow him to enter the Academy at their own expense. For malletier and the lack of available places was denied, but the Academy, respecting his desire to be an artist, offered him the gift of the artistic benefits. But fate smiled on the talented youngster. Through what drove p. P. Svin'in, said in Chernetsova the ability to draw, and took him with him to St. Petersburg and encouraged the Society to Promote Artists. With the support of the society Chernetsov began to attend classes at the Academy, in 1819, as a foreign student. He studied first with A. Warneke, and then at Vorobiev. Already in 1821, the Academy rewarded him for painting; in 1825 in painting perspective, he was awarded the silver medal of the first dignity. In 1826 Chernetsov presented the view of the Military Gallery and the landscape is painted from nature, for which he received the gold medal of the second dignity, and is recognized as an artist XIV class. In 1831 he was awarded the title of academician for the performance of the Academy, a painting of a view near St. Petersburg. Along with his brother, inferior to him in talent, Nicanor, he traveled a lot, visited the Caucasus, Georgia, in 1838 traveled the Volga from Rybinsk to its mouths, in 1810, went to Italy, and thence to Egypt, Palestine, and European Turkey, where he returned only in 1844. A similar trip he made in 1846-1849. In his travels chernetsovs copied all worthy of attention. The drawings serve them in the future subjects for paintings. For a whole album of types of Palestine assigned to them was the Academy of Arts award in 1000 rubles. Sketches and sketches of the Volga types are very interested in foreign artists, which chernetsovs showed them in Rome. They were going to publish an album of types of the Volga, but, unfortunately, has not led to a fulfillment of his wishes. In 1846 Gregory Chernetsov, together with his brother Nikanor, and Sergei Ivanov, the brother of the famous painter, was sent at public expense to Italy, where he stayed for three years. In 1849 he returned to St. Petersburg, where he was given on the Highest command for the way 100 ducats. In 1829 he carried the title of court painter and received the contents from the Cabinet of His Majesty. The hands of his own paintings in the halls of the Academy of fine Arts: "the Funerary catafalque of the Empress Maria Feodorovna, in the vicinity of St. Petersburg" and "the Dead sea"; the last painting was painted in 1850, and was donated to the Academy by the artist in 1859. In the Tsarskoye Selo Palace is a watercolor artist, which presents a Uti. Alexander I, sitting at his Desk; beside her is another watercolor depicting last minute stay of Imp. Alexander I in St. Petersburg. The last picture, like a picture of the Imp. Alexander I. on his knees praying before the Shrine of St. Alexander Nevsky in the Neva monastery, was published by the Society for the encouragement of Artists. Brush it also owns the painting "the may day parade in 1837", located in the Winter Palace. The picture as a sketch for a large painting depicting a parade to mark the end of the Polish war, is depicted at the request of Emperor Nicholas I as spectators Zhukovsky, Gnedich, Krylov, and Pushkin.

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    Landscape, Historical scene
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