Italia • 1841−1917
Federico Zandomenegi (Italian Federico Zandomeneghi; June 2, 1841, Venice - December 31, 1917, Paris) - Italian impressionist painter, member of the Macchiaioli group.

Features of the artist Federico Zandomenega: bright color palette, decorative, stylized, dense texture, thick brushstroke. In the early period - social critical character paintings.

Famous paintings by Federico Zandomeneghi: "For tea", Cafe "New Athens", "Visit to the dressing room".

The choice of Federico Zandomenega did not come as a surprise to his relatives - both the grandfather (Luigi Zandomenega) and the father of the artist (Pietro Zandomenegi) were famous sculptors. Therefore, no one was surprised when Federico entered the Venetian Academy of Arts, and then continued his education in Pavia.

In the years 1860-1861. Zandomenogi participated in the military campaign of Giuseppe Garibaldi in Sicily, at the end of which he settled in Florence and became close to a group of artists of the Macchiaioli school (its representatives: Giuseppe de Nittis, Silvestro Lega, Telemaco Signorini). The aesthetics of the school is in many ways close to impressionism, in fact, many participants subsequently turned to it. The word "macchiaioli" is derived from Italian. macchia - a stain. Macchiolis preferred free writing style, blurred outlines, and preferred color over the line, and plein air over hard work in the studio. True, unlike the Impressionists, the artists of the Macchiaioli school devoted the lion's share of work to social issues, in particular, depicted episodes of the national liberation struggle (Zandomenoga was not the only supporter of Garibaldi in the group). This brought the artists closer to the realistic trend that bore the name Verism in Italy.

Macchiolis gathered in the cafe of Michelangelo and hoarsely argued about the role of color and light in painting, about the freedom of creativity, and certainly it did not do without alcoholic libations. In Paris, the Impressionists had a similar role as the Herbois café in Montmartre.

Since 1866, Zandomenogi lived in Venice, continuing to maintain relations with the Macchiaioli group. And the year 1874 went down in history thanks to the first Impressionist exhibition in the Nadar studio. Exactly by this time Federico Zandomeneghi arrived in Paris. I came, I saw the Impressionists ... and stayed. He participated in the fourth, fifth, sixth and eighth exhibitions of the Impressionists and repeatedly exhibited at the Salon of Independent.

Of the Impressionists, Zzandomenogi was particularly close to Edgar Degas (let's compare their work - 1 and 2) and Toulouse-lautrec, and Renoir even was a witness at a wedding (in creativity they were also close - 1 and 2). Did not pass by him and neo-impressionismhowever, practically all modern talents paid tribute to this branch of impressionism Sulfur artists in France.

The financial issue was thoroughly resolved by the artist only in 1893, when he transferred the rights to his paintings to a collector. Paul Duraine-Ruel. Prior to that, Zandomenega had to work as an illustrator in fashion magazines, because the proceeds from the sale of paintings did not allow for the desired material level. In 1898, Federico Dzandomenegi had a solo exhibition at the Durand-Ruel Gallery, and since then they have been held regularly. But his homeland recognized him only after death, although in 1914 Venice hosted his retrospective exhibition.

Author: Alena Grosheva
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