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Cubo-Futurism

118 artworks, 13 artists
Having combined the ideas and principles of French cubists and Italian futurists, Cubo-Futurism arose as a painting style at the beginning of the 20th century, This style is characterized by the recognizable forms of realistic objects and geometric objectless planes, which are combined into peculiar rebuses. Cubo-Futurism emerged as a new way of avant-garde artists self-expression against the backdrop of the rapid development of technological progress. The plane, line, and structure of the object together with its plastic dynamics were the main focus of the masters who worked in this style.

In 1909, Italian poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti published his Futurist Manifesto, which glorified progress, industrial development, and mechanization of production. His ideas were supported by the Milanese artists Umberto Boccioni, Gino Severini, Carlo Carra, Giacomo Balla. Italian futurists opposed academicism, focusing at the dynamic sense of inclusive movement.

Almost at the same time, the futurist movement began to develop in Russia. In 1910, the first Futurist society arose, which included poets, writers and artists Velimir Khlebnikov, the Burliuk brothers, Vladimir Mayakovsky, Vasily KamenskyAlexei Kruchyonykh and others.

The movement participants, including the “father of Russian futurism” David Burliuk, strongly emphasized their uniqueness and independence from the Italians. The main goal of the art movement of futurism was the final break with academicism. New ideas were drawn from Russian traditional techniques. Lubok and folk costume, ancient pagan sculptures, icon painting acquired abstract forms and pure colors in Cubo-Futurist paintings.

Cubo-Futurism gained its popularity in the period from 1910 to 1915. It gave way to a subjectless art afterwards. It also predated the new avant-garde styles such as rayonism and suprematism. Cubo-Futurists widely used such techniques as application and collage in their works. The collaboration of artists and writers led to the creation of numerous joint projects in literature, where texts and images were mutually complementary.

Famous Cubo-Futurism artists:
Kazimir Malevich, Ivan Puni, Ivan Klyun, Olga Rozanova, Natalya Goncharova, Mikhail Larionov, Pavel Filonov, El Lissitzky, David Burliuk, Lyubov Popova.

Famous Cubo-Futurist paintings:
Engagement” by David Burliuk 1910, “The Knifegrinder” by Kazimir Malevich 1912, “Factory” by Natalya Goncharova 1912, “Aviator” by Kazimir Malevich 1914
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