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Victor
Mikhailovich Vasnetsov
Russia 
1848−1926
Biography and information
 
Do you consider self-doubt a problem? Classics and in such a case can present a high sample. Self-doubt is to successfully pass the exam at the Imperial Academy of Arts, but learn about your enrollment only after a year, having come again to pass the exam. It was just that on the first call, Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov, and could not conceive that in his holy saints — only him! — can accept. However, the main Russian artist-storyteller did not consider this year lost, and, by the way, the Academy did not finish it as a result.

Having passed the exams and not even trying to find out the result, Viktor Vasnetsov entered the Drawing School of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts. Together with Ilya Repin he studied with Kramskoy. Kramskoy also believed that Vasnetsov was given so much uncertainty that it would be enough for three, but, fortunately, he was not cheated by either: "You, my dear, uncertainty spoils. You are very modest. And you be bolder, dare. The eye you have is enviable. ".

To the Academy. The first pictures of Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov

Several decades later, they would have said that Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov "did not come out with an origin." He is from the family of the priest. No, no, these are not those puffy priests who were so vividly depicted by Comrade Victor, the famous Ilya Repin "The procession". The life of the village priest Mikhail Vasnetsov was no different from the life of the peasants, except that intellectual and artistic interests were wider. And the peasants themselves, for little Viti, have been friends since childhood. He didn’t have to go down to the people, or "pull him up" to himself, and certainly he didn’t have to prove to himself or others that "the lower classes are people too". It’s just that they spent his childhood among them, they were his friends without the implied saying "as if". Perhaps this explains the incredible authenticity of the "humiliated and offended" performed by Vasnetsov.

To the son of a priest, burdened with a large family (six children), but by no means a large income, the path lay in a theological seminary — for the simple reason that children of the clergy were taken there for free. In Vyatka, Vasnetsov met the first real artist in his life — it was an exiled Pole Elviro Andriolli. It was he who, looking at the drawings of the future master, categorically stated that there were enough priests in the world, but people with such artistic flair rarely met. He spoke about the Academy of Arts and offered to arrange an auction and put up two paintings of Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov — "Reaper"and "Thrush", which allowed to earn a trip to St. Petersburg. His father accepted his desire and, informing the seminary that the training was over, Viktor Vasnetsov went to Petersburg to enter the Academy.

Movement Vasnetsov and a trip to Europe

When Victor Mikhailovich visited the first exhibition of the Wanderers, it seemed to him that this was his way. For traveling exhibitions Vasnetsov painted several paintings. Especially praised work "From apartment to apartment". Pavel Tretyakov paid attention to him, which was considered a serious achievement. Firstly, Tretyakov had an excellent taste, and secondly, his interest promised the artists the opportunity to forget about lack of money. The ascetics pinned hopes on Vasnetsov as a master of genre painting, who will continue to show the orphaned and the needy. But Vasnetsov himself felt that despite his proximity to the Wanderers, he had not yet found his direction.

Repin and Kramskoy were called to Paris, and everyone around him asserted that the painter could not take place without seeing other countries. In Paris, he settled at Kramskoy. New directions were not impressed, Vasnetsov preferred the classics in museums to contemporary exhibitions. Even Repin capitulated beforecharm of french chicbut Vasnetsov Paris left indifferent. Soon he moved to the suburbs and rented a house in Meudon. In France, Viktor Mikhailovich lived a year, brought back a picture "Balagan in the vicinity of Paris"and many sketches and watercolors.

One for life

The love of all life Victor Vasnetsov met at home. In the spring of 1871, having stolen from Petersburg fogs and diligent study, he came to his relatives in Ryabovo to warm up and rest. Planned to return to classes in the fall, but was delayed, and then another, and another. The main reason fit well into the French wisdom, calling in any strange situation to look for a woman. Victor met Sasha Ryazantsev in the Vyatka Museum, from which she didn’t have the strength to return to St. Petersburg. On the way from Paris, in 1876, Vasnetsov first went to Vyatka, to Sasha. They arrived in St. Petersburg together, got married, had five children, and lived half a century in love and harmony, once again destroying the myth of the necessarily bohemian image and the unhappy personal life of artists.

To Moscow, to Moscow!

Sometimes you need to find your place geographically, and it is there that you can do what you are in the world for. Moscow became such a place for Vasnetsov. Refined ceremonial Peter was too European for him and too cold (and it’s not only and not so much about the weather). In Moscow, everything seemed to be a miracle and at the same time the real life itself. "How many miracles have I seen!"— he told his wife, returning from the usual walk.

The first step in the direction of his present gift Viktor Vasnetsov made, writing a picture based on "Words about Igor’s regiment". To say that she was greeted with cold is to significantly soften the reality. Academics and peredvizhniki for once agreed with each other that the picture is no good. And only the support of his teacher from the Academy Pavla Chistyakovaallowed Vasnetsov to cope with a flurry of criticism. The teacher noted the essence of not only the pictures, but the Vasnetsov talent as a whole: "Such a distant, such a grand and in its own distinctive Russian spirit smelled of me …"

It is this distinctive Russian spirit Vasnetsov will embody in his fairy tales, epics and even landscapes. It will not be possible to say whose tradition Vasnetsov continues — he does not continue, he creates. What before him were fabulous plots? Popular prints or book illustrations. He transferred them to the canvas, and he did it so powerfully that with 100% recognition of the illustrations they ceased to be. These are not plots of fairy tales, they are "stories of old times deep" in their original form. It seems that Vasnetsov was fully able to embody Pushkin "here the Russian spirit, here it smells of Russia." The Wanderers were mistaken in believing that this was possible only in the images of the oppressed people. Political systems can replace each other, sometimes — very quickly, as history has shown, fashion trends are also non-permanent, and carpets, airplanes, Gray Wolf and Alyonushka, Kaschey da Baba Yaga, with whom Vasnetsov opened the door to "serious art" turned out to be timeless.

Victor Vasnetsov in Kiev: Vladimirsky Cathedral

On the proposal of Adrian Prakhov, an art historian and historian from Kiev, to paint the Vladimir Cathedral, Vasnetsov refused. I thought all night long, and in the morning I sent a telegram after Prakhov in which I said that I was accepting his offer. Before going to work, he traveled to Italy to see the frescoes. Instead of the planned three years, work on the cathedral took 10 years, and Vasnetsov was eventually proclaimed the founder of the new iconography (1, 2, 3, 4, 5).

House of Artists Viktor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov

Returning from Kiev, Vasnetsov was able to build a house for himself. And the interior, and architecture — all created according to his sketches. In it, he and his family lived the rest of his life. By that time his name was already thundering in both Russia and Europe, his personal exhibitions were held. The adjusted course of life was disturbed by social perturbations. Vasnetsov did not accept the revolution, but he also refused to emigrate, having chosen, apparently, internal emigration — it was the cycle "The Poem of Seven Tales". In the Soviet years, he was not forgotten, the government even appointed him a personal pension, but he did not particularly mention the fact that he did not welcome the new order and called the country "Nerus".

Author: Alain Esaulova
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Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Crucifixion Sketch of mosaic for St. George Church in Gus-Khrustalny
Crucifixion Sketch of mosaic for St. George Church in Gus-Khrustalny
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov
1904,
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To miss the chance of visiting the unique exhibitions of the capital hosting the World Cup 2018, is like to score an own goal. Football will not forgive this to you! The mystical Vermeer, demonic Vrubel, uncompromising Malevich, philosophical Roerich, succulent Konchalovsky, appetizing Deineka, romantic Zverev, admirable Picasso - they all make up just a part of the artistic team that is…
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Artworks by the artist
107 artworks total · 1 offered for sale
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Heroes
40
Heroes
1898, 295.3×446 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Alyonushka
41
Alyonushka
1881, 173×121 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. From apartment to apartment
16
From apartment to apartment
1876, 53.5×67.2 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. After the battle of Igor Svyatoslavich with the Polovtsy
13
After the battle of Igor Svyatoslavich with the Polovtsy
1880, 205×390 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. The sleeping Princess
22
The sleeping Princess
1926, 214×452 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Portrait of the artist Arkhip Kuinji
7
Portrait of the artist Arkhip Kuinji
1869, 46.2×36 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Bouquet. Abramtsevo
9
Bouquet. Abramtsevo
1880-th , 44×33.5 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Portrait Of Helena Adrianovna Prahovo
10
Portrait Of Helena Adrianovna Prahovo
1894, 211.7×153.2 cm
Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov. Portrait Of Vera Mamontova Sauverny
9
Portrait Of Vera Mamontova Sauverny
1896, 146×87 cm
View 108 artworks by the artist