Russia • 1830−1897

In early youth, the future of the artist are found remarkable ability to painting. The boy in 1844 he entered the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture, where he studied in the class of landscape painter K. of Rabasa and graduated in 1854 in the Summer of 1854 Savrasov works by the Finnish Gulf under Peterburgom 1857 married S. K. Hertz.

Then, living and working mostly in Moscow, Savrasov in 1871-1875, participates in exhibitions of the Association of traveling art exhibitions, 1873-1878 - academic vistavkovij years the artist spent in need. He died in the hospital for the poor.

artist, an outstanding landscape painter, the founder of the symbolic "mood landscapes" in Russian painting. Born in Moscow 12 (24) of may 1830 into the family of a small merchant. The teenager wrote landscape pictures on sale. In 1844 he entered the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture, he graduated in 1854. In 1862 and 1867 visited France, visited a number of other Western European countries; special impression on him made mountain of Switzerland. In 1870-1875 made annual creative trips on the Volga. Was one of the founding members of the Association of the Wanderers" (1870). Lived in Moscow.


Early work Savrasov (view of the Kremlin from the Krymsky bridge in inclement weather, 1851; in the vicinity of Oranienbaum, 1854; both works are in the Tretyakov gallery, Moscow) resides entirely within the framework of romanticism, with its love of the strong effects of atmospheric life, to a sharp "rocker" contrasts foreground and background. Gradually the artist comes to a more peaceful, harmonically clear in composition and color solutions (landscape with a river and a fisherman, 1859, the Latvian Museum of art, Riga). Priority in his image gets wet soil, spelled with a fine understanding of its texture, light and air environment seamlessly integrate spatial plans (elk island in Sokolniki, 1869, ibid; moonlit night. The swamp, 1870, Museum of history and art, Serpukhov). Inherently Savrasov "Vignetta" style of drawing, immediately produce the main, the most memorable properties of full-scale motif that develops into high skill poetic generalizations characters.


On the Volga in 1871, the wizard creates sketches to a number of his best works (caves monastery near Nizhny Novgorod Art Museum, Nizhny Novgorod), including the famous painting the Rooks have returned (Tretyakov gallery), which became the most popular Russian landscape, a kind of pictorial symbol of Russia. Sketch work on the Rooks went in March, in the village of Molvitino (now Susanino of the Kostroma province. Melted snow, spring rooks birch trees, gray-blue, pale sky, dark house and the old Church on the background of the cold far meadows - all this was alloyed in the way amazingly soulful and lyrical. It is here that the "mood" - as a special meditative space, in which a dialogue picture viewer, has finally turned into a necessary and sufficient self-valuable component of the image that accurately recorded Ingrasci, noting (in a letter Faasili, 1871) for other landscapes at the exhibition: "all these trees, water and even air, and the soul is only in the "Rooks".


Invisibly-visible "soul", a special symbolic and poetic mood gives life and subsequent things masters, including its wonderful Moscow motives, conquering his artless simplicity (Courtyard, 1870-ies) or contrast household poverty foreground with magnificent vistas (Sukharev tower, 1872, the Historical Museum, Moscow; view of the Moscow Kremlin. Spring, 1873, the Russian Museum, St. Petersburg). Virtuoso transmission of soil moisture and light playing clouds painting Road (1873, the Tretyakov gallery).


In addition to paintings authority Savrasov promotes and fruitful pedagogical activity: in 1857, he led the landscape class at the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture; among his students were Kaarawan and like I. I. Levitan.


Features of symbolism in art Savrasov grow rapidly, giving the nature of the properties nostalgic vision (Grave on the Volga, 1874, Altai Krai Museum, Barnaul; many of late spring and winter landscapes). However, in the later period, the wizard goes to great art scene: suffering from alcoholism and worldly down, he languishes mainly due copies to continue their work, including Rooks.


Died Savrasov in Moscow on September 26 (8 October) 1897.

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